Biographical Chronology


Celso Emilio Ferreiro was born on January 4th in Celanova (Ourense).

He studies with Escolapios in San Salvador de Celanova monastery.

He founds “Mocedades Galeguistas” of district of Celanova with his friend Xosé Velo.

With Xosé Velo, he publishes the original project of the Cartafol de poesía, a collection of poems which was sent from Celanova to people who were interested in poetry.

The civil governor designates him representative of Mocedades Galeguistas in the corporation of Frente Popular in Celanova, but Celso Emilio resigns the councilman´s certificate.

He is called to join up with the youth of his age and is destined Asturias´ front. In September, he knows who will be his future wife, Maria Luisa Loredo Moraima, in Oviedo (Asturias).

Celso Emilio is destined to Transmissions in Telefonica building in Oviedo.

After the war, he returns to Celanova, where obtains the Bachelor’s degree. He teaches with Xosé Velo in his village, and he starts to study Law and Teaching on his own.

He goes in for a public examination, getting first a secretary position, and becoming later the Office of Prices justice chief, where he worked until 1950.

He publishes his book of poems in Spanish Al aire de tu vuelo.

He marries Moraima on July 15th.

He is the editor-in-chief in the magazine Finisterre, directed by Emilio Canda.

He collaborates intensely in Sonata Gallega, where he will coordinate the section of “Seleccións Literarias”.

He publishes Bailadas, cantiagas e Donaires in Edicións Céltiga, a collection of poems “neopopularistas” with a preface by Bouza-Brey.

He participates in the radio emissions of BBC of London Galician Programme, which was coordinated by Francisco Fernández del Riego.

He conducts, with Sabino Torres Ferrer, Emilio Álvarez Negreira and Manuel Cuña Novás, the collection Benito Soto of poetry, the first publishing company that would publish poems in Galicia during the postwar period.

In October 1949 he is qualified as Solicitor of the Courts, and in September 1950 goes to Vigo to practice this profession.

He publishes Musa alemá, an anthology of 15 poems of German authors adapted by Celso Emilio and Antonio Blanco Freijeiro.

He publishes the essay Curros Enríquez. Biografía in Editorial Moret.

It comes out O soño sulagado. This year he also publishes Voz y voto in Gráficas Numen of Vigo.

He publishes the work Longa noite de pedra, which definitely establishes him as a poet.

In July he co-founds Unión do Pobo Galego.

On the 15th of May, a farewell tribute to Celso Emilio is celebrated before setting off for Caracas. Once there, in the Hermandad Gallega Venezolana, he deals with the management, drafting and preparation of the biweekly newspaper Irmandade, with the direction and orientation of Film club of the society, with the direction and draft of the radio emission Sempre en Galicia and with the direction and orientation of Escola Castelao.

He founds and presides Agrupación Nós.

In July he receives an official communication of his expulsion of Hermandad, in a letter cosigned by the president and the secretary general. This year he publishes Viaxe ao país dos ananos and Cantigas de escarnio e maldecir, signed by his satirical heteronym Aristides Silveira.

In March he gets the Venezuelan citizenship. He brings out Terra de ningures in the collection Val de Lemos, of Editorial Xistral, directed by Manuel María in Monforte.

He assumes the position of proofreader in the Press Office of the President of Venezuela at that time, Rafael Caldera. He edits “13 poemas iracundos y una canción inesperada”, offprint of the magazine of Caracas Expediente, as advance of his work Antipoemas.

He sends the spanish version of Antipoemas to IV International Award Poesía Álamo of Salamanca, and he wins it.

When the winning work is printed, the publishers censor ten poems without the permission of the author. In response, Ferreiro publishes in Venezuela an offprint under the title “Poemas prohibidos. Diez poemas no incluídos en el libro Antipoemas por causas no imputables a la voluntad del autor” (Prohibited Poems. Ten poems not included in the book Antipoemas for reasons not attributable to the will of the author”). In addition, the same year he publishes the books A fronteira infinda and Autoescolha poética (1954-1972)

At the beginning of this year he returns from Venezuela with destination Madrid. He publishes Os autentes, signed with the name Alexis Vainacova, Fóronse á puñeta, signed by Neskezas Cokhan Mordhe, and the book of burlesque epitaphs Cemiterio privado.

From the beggining of July, he works in Ateneo Científico, Literario y Artístico of Madrid, where he occupies the charge of Director of the classroom of Galician culture in the Literature section.

He publishes Onde o mundo se chama Celanova in a bilingual edition, as well as the work Al César enano, a compilation signed under the pseudonym Stow Kiwotto Lumen, wich includes twelve verses that the poet wrote between 1961 and the time of publication.

He wins the Critics Prize of Galician Poetry for the work Onde o mundo se chama Celanova.

He publishes Curros Enriquez: Obra poética completa and his book Antología bilingüe to Plaza y Janés of Barcelona. On the other hand, he is in the orbit of the Socialist Party of Galicia (PSG) and he postulates as a candidate of Candidatura Democrática Galega in the first general elections of 1977 to gain a seat of senator for Ourense.

He makes public A taberna do Galo in Ediciós Castrelos.

On the 30th of August, he dies at his home in Vigo and on the 1st of September he is buried in Celanova. Posthumously, O libro dos homenaxes is published, Ferreiro had given the original to his friend Alonso Montero Xesús eight days before his death.